The Battle Of The Second Punic War

2071 WordsNov 19, 20149 Pages
Carthage and the Roman Republic fought the second Punic War for control of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea, considered the entire civilized world at the time. The battles of the second Punic War show Hannibal Barca to be not only the greatest military leader of his age, but perhaps one of the greatest generals of all time. By examining one of Hannibal’s most spectacular victories, the paradigm for a battle of annihilation, military professionals can learn how the Roman commanders might have defeated Carthage’s General. In conducting an analysis of the Battle of Cannae, I will postulate an alternate outcome by introducing intelligence utilization that would have turned this battle into a victory for Rome. Battle Analysis Definition of the Subject From audacious gambits to canny tactics, leaders scrutinize Hannibal’s legacy of strategy even now, almost 2200 years after his death. Dwight D. Eisenhower wrote (1948) that, "every ground commander seeks the battle of annihilation; so far as conditions permit, he tries to duplicate in modern war the classic example of Cannae." (p. 325) The Battle of Cannae is eponymous for the village of the same name, part of Apulia in a region of southern Italy. The generals for the Roman forces were the consuls Gaius Terentius Varro and Lucius Aemilius Paullus, while Hannibal and his brother Mago Barcid led the armies of Carthage. On the morning of the August 2, 216 BC, the armies of Rome took the field, in order to finally remove

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