The Battle Of The Somme

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While the allied losses were at the time shocking, the attrition of the German army’s moral and resources would have dramatic effects as the war continued. By the Somme’s end, total resulting casualties on both sides were appalling: 419,654 British Commonwealth and domain soldiers, near to 200,000 French soldiers, and 465,000 German troops. Physically, the 4 month campaign resulted in very limited allied advances, varying from a few hundred yards to 7 miles along a thirty mile front. This was not however the only achievement of the battle of the Somme. Hindenburg, a German general admitted within his Memoirs that while very little land was lost fighting in the Somme, the German army wouldn’t have survived many more campaigns similar to it or Verdun. Moreover, the Somme marked a change in the global perception of Britain; it became a force to be reckoned with. Erich von Falkenhayn, Chief of the German General Staff had anticipated a major, but inept, British attack, and without Allied efforts to conceal preparations for the Somme, he was aware of its location. Falkenhayn could not, however, have anticipated the commitment of Britain and France at the Somme and the drawn out erosion of his resources that the battle would become. His original intentions were to launch a swift counter attack, driving the BEF out of Europe while wearing down the French army to an eventual defeat. With this in mind, on July 1st 1916 to prevent the 27 divisions, or around 750,000 Allied

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