The Battle Of The Somme Offensive

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The Battle of the Somme, also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War. The battle was fought by the armies of the British and French empires against the German Empire, including Australia who came to support the “mother county”. It took place between 1th July and 18th November 1916 on both sides of the River Somme in France. It was one of the largest battles of World War I, in which more than 1,000,000 men were wounded or killed, making it one of the bloodiest battles in human history. (Wikipedia, 2015)

The Somme offensive was planned in December 1915 and was intended as a joint French-British attack. The French Commander in Chief, General Joffre, conceived the idea as a battle to reduce the German empire 's strength and effectiveness through continual attack and create a distraction for the Germans to relieve some of the pressure for the French, although territorial gain was a secondary aim. (, 2009) For a number of months, the French had been taking severe losses at the Battle of Verdun (which took place at the east of Paris). In order to take German pressure off the French, the Allied High Command attacked the Germans north of Verdun therefore requiring the Germans to move some of their men away. (Toor, 2014) The plan was agreed upon by the new British Commander in Chief, Sir Douglas Haig and by the British government, who granted authorisation to conduct the offensive. (, 2009)

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