The Battle Of The Somme

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The Battle of the Somme, World War One was a major stalemate caused not only by the poor trench system, but the leadership decisions, weather conditions, diseases and sicknesses among the troops and the technology used. Although these factors all contributed to the stalemate, the strong and harsh technology was the biggest attribute. World War One began on the 28th of July and lasted until the 11th of November 1918. It was named ‘The Great War’ or ‘The War to End All Wars’ because of the huge amount of people killed and the effect it had of the world. It began because of differences in foreign policies but the immediate cause was the assassination of the Austro-Hungarian Heir to the throne Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The two main sides in…show more content…
The area of land between the two trenches was extremely hard to cross and neither side had a significant offensive advantage as charging recklessly into rows of machine guns was always a disaster. Therefore if neither side could advance and gain land, it led to a stalemate. The harsh, intense and well-built technology used throughout the war is a significant factor causing the stalemate. There were numerous well equipped ranges of machinery and technology used by the soldiers including poisonous gas, tanks, guns and rifles, air-warfare and naval war-fare. The toxic gases including tear gas grenades, chlorine, phosgene, and mustard gas which killed thousands of men throughout the war also left the men fearing the torturous death that followed. H. Allen believed that, “Gas shock was as frequent as shell shock.” Tanks were meant to be the miracle to end the stalemate by allowing the men to advance to the other side but whilst they achieved a large measure of shocked surprise when sprung upon the German opposition, these early tanks proved to, ‘be too bulky and highly unreliable.’ Guns, rifles and grenades dominated trench warfare and caused heavy casualties. They were
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