The Battle Of The Somme Essay

2000 WordsDec 2, 20168 Pages
In British history, the Battle of the Somme has become one of the most significant battles due to the death and the horrendous casualties caused with that have made it become an emotive topic. It lasted from 1st July to 18th November, 1916. The unnecessary sacrifice led to the view that the brave British soldiers were ‘lions led by donkeys’ who were sent to their deaths by uncaring and unskilful generals. Many historians agree on the significance of the battle not in terms of its success or failure but how it had important results including the reduction of the German army as well as how the battle had helped the British learn valuable lessons to improve and prepare for future battles. In the short term, there is no doubt that the battle was hugely significant due to the overall casualties and large losses suffered by both sides. On the first day of the battle, the British infantry advanced across no man’s land into barbed wire which they thought was supposed to have been destroyed but wasn’t. It was the bloodiest day in the history of the British army as 19,000 soldiers were killed and 38,000 were wounded which made a significant total loss of 57,000. However most of the British soldiers were pre-conscriptions and volunteers who were not fully trained and they did not expect the Germans to come out of their deep trenches ready to fight. These deaths were linked to poor tactics and ineffective artillery. As the British soldiers advanced, they were mowed down by rifles and

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