The Battle of Bannockburn happened in 1314 just outside of Stirling, Scotland. It was a war between
1300 WordsApr 23, 20196 Pages
The Battle of Bannockburn happened in 1314 just outside of Stirling, Scotland. It was a war between the large English army and the much smaller Scottish army. The Scottish showed they were a force to be reckoned with when they took Stirling Castle for ransom. The English were trying to get the castle back from the Scottish which caused the Battle of Bannockburn Leading up to the Battle of Bannockburn, quite a few things happened. In 1290, Margaret, “the maid of Norway”, the heir to the Scottish throne, died when she was eight years old. Her death left Scotland without a ruler. The desperate Scottish called on their neighbors in England to help them find their next ruler. The English King, Edward I, picked the new Scottish king. INSERT…show more content…
The Scottish crowned Bruce as king on May 25, 1306, in the Abbey of Scones.
Then, Edward I died in 1307, and Edward II stayed away from Scotland. Bruce, however, wanted all of the Scottish land back from England. He began to take the land back, and by 1314, the Scottish held all the castles except five. These five castles included Stirling Castle, which is located just outside of the town of Bannockburn, Scotland.
In the summer of 1314, Edward Bruce, Robert Bruce’s younger brother, began the siege of Stirling Castle. The English men inside the castle called for help from their country. The men inside the castle were so desperate to escape, they created the Stirling Castle Agreement. The agreement stated that if no help came by midsummer, the castle would give way. Robert Bruce was determined to get Stirling Castle, and he began to prepare an army in case the English sent help. Although the agreement between the Scottish and the English inside the castle, both sides wanted a fight.
The battle began on July 24, 1314. The English army traveled for many days to reach Stirling Castle. The Scottish knew the English were coming, and the English knew the Scottish were spying on them. The English army was much larger. The 8,000 Scottish men did not come anywhere near the 20,000 English men. Not only did the English have more men, but they were better trained than the Scottish army. However, the Scottish army had a strong bond and a battle plan. As a