The Battle of Thermopylae began in 480 BC and was a product of the Greeks attempt help defend the

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The Battle of Thermopylae began in 480 BC and was a product of the Greeks attempt help defend the Ionians from the Persians. This irritated the Persian Emperor, Xerxes, because he thought of Greece as a small kingdom that had no place revolting against the Persian Empire. The Athenians sympathized with the Ionians because the Persians had also tried to invade Greece on multiple occasions. The Athenians provided feeble help to the Ionians and in retaliation the Persians struck at athens (23B). Xerxes was known to be irrational with his temper, and may have thought of his invasion as retaliation for the fact that his father, Darius the Great, was defeated at the Battle of Marathon against the Greeks. His temper was so great that at Hellas…show more content…
Demophilus was the general who came to Leonidas’ aid by leading eight hundred Thebans and Thespians alongside the Spartans (A). On the opposing side, Xerxes gained a lot of power in his home empire, Persia, by spreading propaganda claiming that he was a God. He constructed a plan to invade Greece after the Ionian Revolt and the Battle of Marathon. He was power crazed and angry, and although these personality traits led him to gain power in the short term, they ultimately led to the fall of the Persian Empire (A). Not many people know about Ephialtes, but he is in part responsible for the Greek’s loss. On the second day of the battle, Ephialtes reported to the Persians that there was previously unknown flanking path that would lead to a vulnerable access point behind the Spartan lines. This would ultimately lead to the destruction of the Greek warriors (A). In addition to good leadership the greeks developed and employed successful battle tactics, which they were able to adapt to the topography, thus allowing them to sustain afight despite being grossly outnumbered (C). The most important tactic was the Hoplite Phalax, which was a wall of Greek infantry men with shields and long spears. This was effective for the Greeks because the advancing Persians had to travel through a very narrow path along the Malian Gulf to

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