Essay on The Battle of Yorktown

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The Battle of Yorktown was a major turning point in the Revolutionary War and led to the creation of the United States of America. After six grueling years of war the end of the war was near. Six months before the morale of the continental army was at the lowest point of the war. Congress was bankrupt due to rampant inflation caused by the mass production of continental dollars. The continental army was being trounced in the south by the British who had regained South Carolina and Georgia. Also many of the men in the continental army were mutinying. However in July of 1780 a French force landed in Newport, Rhode Island and this boosted American morale greatly (Fleming 11-13). Russia had suggested peace negotiations between the …show more content…
Cornwallis was very unhappy about the decision as he had been driving deep into Virginia (Fleming 29-34). Because of the declining relationship between Cornwallis and his superior officer Henry Clinton and the confusion between orders Clinton had finally ordered Cornwallis to create a defensible position on the Virginia coast. Cornwallis began fortifying Yorktown which had been a prosperous tobacco trading town and had many well to do homes. Cornwallis picked the Nelson house to be his base of operations. While Cornwallis and his men were reinforcing Yorktown’s defenses Washington and Rochambeau were planning their march south to Virginia and they were attempting to gather supplies and men from the states. The French Admiral de Grasse and Admiral Barras were on their way to Virginia with their respective fleets. Washington was attempting to keep his march towards Virginia a secret and so he led the British to believe that he was still planning on continuing his attack on New York by creating a fake army camp, beginning the construction of four large ovens and leaking false information to the British ( Fleming 40) . When Washington had received word that the British West Indies fleet of eighteen ships had arrived in New York to make the total of British ships in New York twenty nine he forsook all attempts at secrecy and switched his goal to speed because the British fleet of twenty nine

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