The Bay of Pigs Invasion

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The Bay of Pigs Invasion Background The Bay of Pigs invasion of April, 1961 is considered to be one of the unsuccessful covert military invasions of the 20th century. In 1959, the Cuban revolutionist Fidel Castro overthrew the Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista through an armed conflict that lasted nearly five and a half years. Castro and his comrades were Socialists and they believed a Communist social system would better suit their nee. In order to fulfill this agenda, the new Cuban government not only nationalized properties belonging to different religious organizations, but also permanently expelled many religious figures from the country, including the bishop. Following these events, in July of 1961, Fidel Castro merged the July 26 Movement, the People's Socialist Party, and the March 13 Revolutionary Directorate. This was the beginning of a socialist system in a country which was previously an ally to the United States. United States government feared the improving relationships between Castro's regime and the Soviet Union, especially after the nationalization of U.S. corporations Shell, Esso and Standard Oil by the Cuban government (Chadwick, 2004). The U.S government retaliated with several economic embargos, and the relationship between the two countries deteriorated to the extent of an armed conflict. Preparation Before his inauguration, John F. Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was briefed by the Central Intelligence Agency about a covert

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