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The Beck Depression Inventory

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You have explained the concepts very well. Beck depression inventory is very useful, especially in the primary and secondary stages. It is one of the widely used psychometric tests for measuring the severity of depression. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) is a 21-item, self-report rating inventory that measures characteristic attitudes and symptoms of depression (Beck, et al., 1961). The BDI has been developed in different forms, including several computerized forms, a card, the 13-item short form and the more recent BDI-11 by Beck, Steer & Brown, 1996. The BDI takes approximately 10 minutes to complete, although clients require a fifth – sixth grade reading level to adequately understand the questions. MDD is a clinical depression, which
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