The Beginning Causes of the Russian Revolution of 1917 Essay

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The Russian Revolution of 1917 is a collective term for two so-called revolutions—one in February and one in October—that occurred in Russia in 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocratic regime and led to the creation of the Soviet Union and, ultimately, several decades of communist dominance. While the world “revolution” is often used to encompass events in both February and October in 1917, only the first actually merits the name. The February Revolution was a mass spontaneous event that overthrew the autocracy of Tsar Nicholas, while the events that occurred in October that led to the overthrow of the government set up in the aftermath of the February Revolution, were tightly controlled and executed in the style of a coup d’état.…show more content…
The Russian Revolution began with the February Revolution (that actually occurred in March), which was one of the most spontaneous, unorganized mass revolts in history. In the cities, food shortages mounted and the morale of people fell. Riots broke out in Petrograd as people demanded more bread, eventually spreading to different industries and throughout the city. Orders to fire on demonstrators were given, inflicting a number of casualties. Meanwhile the fate of the regime was, in effect, sealed when the troops mutinied and refused to obey orders and take up arms, marching in the streets with other demonstrators. Tsar Nicholas tried to sustain the monarchy by abdicating in favor of his brother Michael, but he refused the crown, thus ending the centuries old Romanov dynasty, and leading to the establishment of a dual power between the Provisional Government and the Petrograd Soviet. The Provisional Government, headed at first by Prince Georgy Lvov and later by Alexander Kerensky, established various rights, including freedom of speech, religion, equality, and the right to strike. However, they had to compete with the Petrograd Soviet, who kept a close eye on them, issued decrees of their own, and were considered in many ways more powerful because of their increasing control of the army, factories, and railways. With two
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