The Benefits of Dramatic Play in Cognitive and Creative Developments

1942 Words8 Pages
The earliest years of life are some of the most important in a person's life. Childhood is a time of physical, mental, emotional, and social development. There are many factors that help contribute to these developments such as a nutritious diet, nurturing, emotional support, and physical activity, especially play. Playing is a very important part of childhood and can be beneficial to the development of the child and is the focus of my discussion. First, I will describe the four different types of play; second, I will argue the beneficial effects of dramatic play on cognitive and creative skills by presenting the significant findings of two correlation studies as well as their limitations.
Scientists have observed and analyzed
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The second kind of play is constructive play and it refers to "making something from objects;" this is typical for children between the ages of three and six (Fromberg, 2006). Examples of constructive play include: drawing with crayons, playing with building blocks, molding something out of clay, etc. Constructive play can be further categorized: "it will be helpful however, to distinguish between several types of products in constructive play: the pattern, the object, the system, and the sequence" (Fromberg, 2006). For example, a child who is playing with blocks or coloring with crayons might create patterns in their work, and for older children this is important to observe because "they translate their play with patterns into the notations of mathematics, music and computer language" (Fromberg, 2006). Fromberg (2006) makes further observations based on Forman and Hill (1984): a child who is engaged in constructive play just to play has a much different experience than a child creating something with a goal in mind. It is possible to play constructively without having a finish product in mind, or to play in order to achieve the end-goal. Here we can clearly see that Smilansky’s categories can be distinguished further than she originally proposed.
Dramatic play takes imagination and it is what Smilansky (1968) described as "role-playing and engaging in make-believe or pretend
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