The Benefits of Genetic Engineering Essay

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Almost three decades ago, on July 25, 1978, Louise Brown, the first “test tube baby” was born (Baird 1). With this birth another controversy broke out, do humans have the right to make life? Most of the concern comes from the fear of control over the production and development of human beings. But, those who are against cloning would most likely look the other way if they needed gene therapy after receiving a grim diagnosis. There are many aspects of genetic engineering and to thoroughly understand it looking into each is absolutely necessary. In order to understand genetic engineering, the key terms in this controversy that must be defined are the following: recombinant DNA technology, cloning, gene therapy, and the humane genome…show more content…
Symbolic of the alarming possibilities is the furor inspired by a single concept on the cutting edge of genetic engineering: cloning. We are fast approaching the most consequential technological threshold in all of human history: the ability to alter the genes we pass to our children (Baird 1). Recombinant DNA Technology Recombinant DNA technology are techniques , usually associated with genetic engineering, in which strands of DNA from different sources are spliced together to form DNA for a new life form. Recombinant DNA technology, combined with the development of a technique for producing antibodies in great quantity have made an impact on medical diagnosis and cancer research. Through recombinant-DNA techniques, bacteria have been created that are capable of synthesizing human insulin, human interferon, human growth hormone, a hepatitis-B vaccine, and other medically useful substances. Through the use of this technology we are able to see positive outcomes through the makings of vaccine’s that help our populations survive, insulin for type 1 diabetes patients, plants that can create their own pesticides, and bacteria capable of biodegrading oil which is used in oil spill cleanups. But, the negative side of this is the fear of adverse genetic manipulations and there consequences; such as, antibiotic resistant bacteria and new strains of disease. Cloning Another form of genetic engineering is cloning, which is defined as a cell, group of cells, or
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