The Between Ancient Mesopotamia Era Of 1500 B.c

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Human civilizations throughout history have had much in the way of influences from the past, which served as a basis in their establishment. One of the most influential groups deriving from ancient Mesopotamia era of 1500 B.C. known as the Sumerians contributed in the ways of agriculture, technology, writing, farming and politics. Advances in agriculture allowed cities and occupations to form and as a result enabled cities to construct complex forms of government, religion, economy, and languages. Because of these advances even though much good may have come from them some in the way of bad have resulted. Therefore, larger populations were flourishing, war, illnesses, and political corruption all developed and had a lasting effect on human…show more content…
It was noted as the first civilization of Southern Mesopotamia. There is little evidence provided as to the origins of the civilization. The evidence that has been found has been artifacts of clay pottery and art depicting stories behind the Ubaid society. The traces suggest that the Ubaids dwelled in multicomplex village homes. Additionally, the Ubaids invented not only methods of construction as seen with the villages, but irrigation systems, metal tools, agriculture through farming and livestock and coin currency use. The Uruk period was quickly followed by the Ubaid dynastic period from 4000-3100 BCE. The Uruks were founded by King Enmerkar and eventually ruled by King Gilgamesh who is best known for the tales of his immortality as king of Uruk. The Uruk society gave rise to the development of language in the region known as Aramaic. Contributions also include the invention of writing, architecture in the development of the ziggurat, which was dedicated to the God Anu and cylinder seal. The political system was also invented as the Uruks had a centralized form of government where each city was governed by its own God.

The contributions of the Sumerians firstly gave way to the invention of agriculture techniques. The Sumerians created the first “mono cropping” system which allowed a single plant to be grown year after year. As a result, the Sumerians harvested “barley, chickpeas, lentils, wheat,
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