The Between Female And Female Urinary System

1306 WordsApr 3, 20156 Pages
Problem/Definition Microbes such as bacteria, viruses, or fungi enter the urethra and can cause a urinary tract infection. A “UTI” can occur in different parts of the urinary tract such as the kidneys, the ureter, the bladder or the urethra. They are more common in woman than in men. This is due to the females having a shorter urethra. According to Balentine (2015), “about 40% of women and 12% of men will experience a UTI in their lifetime”(p.1). It is because of the anatomical and physiological differences between the male and female urinary system that UTI’s are more common in women. Background Different microbes that infect the lower and upper urinary tracts cause a urinary tract infection. Depending on where the infection develops the severity varies. If a patient is experiencing discomfort while urinating such as burning, lower abdominal cramping, constant need to urinate, incontinence, nocturia, or feeling generally unwell and achy, they may be experiencing a lower UTI (Robinson, 2013). Despite all these symptoms, some patient’s may not experience any. A lower UTI involves the bladder and urethra (McIntosh, 2014). E. Coli, also known as Esherichia coli, lives in the bowel and anus. The bacteria E. coli causes 90% of urinary tract infections (Balentine, 2015, para.2). It is because the urethra and anus are positioned so close together on the female that wiping from back to front can pull the bacteria from the anus into the urethra, infecting the area (Karriem-Norwood,
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