The Between Utilitarianism And Deontology

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Throughout time, philosophers have asked the question: what is morally just? Immanuel Kant, the founder of Deontology, along with Jeremy Bentham and James Mills, the founders of Utilitarianism, all attempted to answer this question. Bentham and Mills’ Utilitarianism stresses maximizing pleasure and happiness in the world over pain and unhappiness. In contrast, Kant’s Deontology focuses on honoring duties and obligations. A moral action must be “considered right and good by most people” (Merriam-Webster). The way Kant proposes that one achieves happiness is overall superior to Utilitarianism because, by following Kant’s philosophy, one observes the majority 's view of just action. Deontological philosophers believe in duty ethos because from an overall perspective it proves ethically just. The trolley scenario, the basics of both Utilitarianism and Deontology, and the flaws of Utilitarianism allows one to see the superiority of Deontology. The trolley scenario highlights the differences between Utilitarianism and Deontology. Philosophers often use it as a tool to differentiate between the two philosophies. Sarah Bakewell of the New York Times wrote about the trolley scenario in 2013. She describes five men on a train track. They are tied up and cannot escape; they are facing death. She goes on to talk about a train hurtling toward them. She then gives the reader an ultimatum. She describes another track with only one person. The reader has the option to pull a
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