The Bi-Polar World Order Essay

2174 Words9 Pages
Under the ruins of the World War II (WWII), a new world order was beginning to appear. The old and weak European powers, were devastated from the war, and could no longer hold the world on its shoulders. Subsequently, new superpowers had to take over the control; they were the USSR and the USA. Soon after the end of WWII, new international tensions became apparent after the break of the Grand Alliance (Taylor, 1993, p. 49). The disagreements between the new superpowers grew to a point where the Cold War became a fact. That new world order split the world ideologically into two camps; the anti-imperialist(USA) and the anti-capitalist(USSR)(Ibid, p.51).The ideological war was underlined by a geopolitical transition, subsequently creating…show more content…
With the start of the Cold War, however, the concept was developed and incorporated within its rhetoric (Dodds, 2000, p.61). For Agnew, the term began to be referred to the newly formed states, product from the ongoing “wind of change”(Taylor, 1993, p.55), and other states that were outside the settled spheres of influence of the ‘superpowers’”(Agnew, 1998, p.112). However, in the Cold War rhetoric the Third World still referred, in certain a certain sense, to another way – the Third Way. According to Agnew, those states signified the resistance to the dominating political and economic discourse of the Cold War (Ibid, p.113). Those resistances led to the creation of the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM), in 1961. It included, member states, such as Egypt, India and Yugoslavia. The idea of the movement, according to Dodds(2000, pp.57-8), was to resist the geopolitical pressures of the Cold War, and to establish a forum where common problems could be discussed, without any interference from the superpowers. As it appeared this wasn’t the only rationale behind the creation of NAM. In the NAM summit of 1973, in Algiers, the member states committed to pursue a New form of International Economic Order (NIEO), aimed at reducing the economic and political gap between the North and the South (Ibid, 58). These events were in conjunction with the rise of oil prices, declared by
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