The Bible : Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy

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The Pentateuch is comprised of the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. The word Pentateuch itself is derived of the Greek word penta, meaning five, and teuchos, meaning a volume/book (Belkum). Jews call the first five books the Torah, others call it the Law. Each book contains segments that fit together into the larger whole. These books are the theological framework, or backbone, for the rest of the OT and NT (Malick). Largely, the Pentateuch is made up of both narrative (history) and legal material (law). Historically, the books are chronologically ordered. Genesis contains the origins founding of the theocracy. It depicts the very origin of the earth and its people and establishes God’s reign over it all. It is a historical timeline to the Exodus generation and Abraham’s future generations to come, so that they could learn where they came from and where they are going. Exodus shows how God uses Moses to free the Israelites from bondage and prepares them for the gift of land, giving them specific instructions about how to live and act. In Leviticus, Moses further unfolds the divine-human relationship coded on Mount Sinai, assuming that Israel is sinful and impure, and describes how to deal with sin and impurity so that the holy Lord can dwell in people’s midst. God gives the Israelites specific instructions on how to live and prepare for the journey to the Promised land, but the Israelites disobey Him. However, God is
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