The Big Bang Theory - Communications Paper

2275 WordsNov 15, 200710 Pages
The Big Bang For decades the Big Bang theory has been the leading theory on the beginning of our universe. Alternate theories come and go, but mainly go. As new data and research are continually eliminating alternatives to the standard model of cosmology, the Big Bang just keeps getting stronger. Before discussing the alternate theories to the Big Bang theory, the basics of the early universe should first be understood. The main points opposing the theory are based around a few aspects that will be defined in the explanation of the early universe. These points include inflation, dark matter and dark energy, the cosmic microwave background (CMB), and red shift. The theory states that the universe sprung from a singularity – an…show more content…
These stars burned so hot that they would have emitted both visible light and huge amounts of UV radiation. This radiation would have been able to break up hydrogen atoms, ending the "dark ages." However, these super hot stars could not live long enough to produce this effect. They burned hot and fast, and died after only a million years. The smaller dying stars exploded, shooting material into space, and the larger stars collapsed to create black holes. The reactions within these huge stars created new elements, heavier elements such as oxygen and carbon. Lemonick (2006) explains how these elements allowed the gaseous clouds to collapse this time into much smaller stars than their predecessors, stars like our sun. "And like the sun, they would have started out generating lots of ultraviolet light before settling down to a more sedate existence" (p. 4). These smaller stars had the lifespan to be able to ionize the hydrogen. It was at this time that the dark ages came to an end. Some scientists theorize that it was X-rays and UV light spewed from black holes that brought a close to this dark time, but perhaps it was both of these theories that finally brought light to our universe. As more complex telescopes are being created, scientists can get closer to observing the formation of early galaxies. In visual observation, redshift now comes into play. Edwin Hubble discovered in the 1920s that the light of far away galaxies have a wavelength that has been
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