The Big Five Characterity Theory: Theories And Models Of Personality
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Personality is defined as a set of traits that influence the stability of its behavior and attitudes, its psychological identity, directions and ways of adapting to the environment. Simply speaking, how person respond in different situations.
There are many theories and models of personality, however the most famous and respected are The Big Five Personality Theory, identifying five core personality traits:
Neuroticism (emotional stability) means susceptibility to experiencing negative emotions, as well as emotional imbalance. Costy and McCrae assume that the element of neurotoxicity is an element of a healthy personality. For those who are high in emotional stability, we can select traits as: calm, resistance to stress or even-tempered. For low in neuroticism: anxiety, sadness, irritability, depression, aggressive hostility,…show more content… Since then, many personality tests have been developed, including the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16PF), the Comrey Personality Scales (CPS),
Very popular is NEO Personality Test: International Personality Item Pool test, where personality is divided into five main categories (agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism, openness, extraversion), and 30 sub-categories. This test is common used in multicultural work environments from around the world. One of the most common used (taken by 2.5 million people per year) is in this field has become Myers-Briggs method This theory is based on four types of personality, combined in opposite pairs. This are: Extraversion "E", or Introversion “I”, Sensing "S" or Intuition "N", Thinking "T" or Feeling "F", Judgment "J" or Perception "P". All of these types are combined into 16 categories: ISTJ, ISFJ, INFJ, ESTP, ESFP, ENFP, ENTP, ISTP, ISFP, INFP, ESTJ, ESFJ, ENFJ,