The Big Five Personality Constructs

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Personality theories, or models, are metaphors for describing something which is intrinsically indescribable, the human personality. Currently, one of the most popular approaches among psychologists for studying personality theory is the Five-Factor Model (FFM) or Big Five dimensions of personality. This essay will explore the 'Big Five ' personality constructs and seek to explain how useful they are to understanding how people are likely to perform in a work situation. In conclusion, this essay will also discuss some of the arguments against the relevance and accuracy of personality testing within the employment context. The Five-Factor Model originated in an attempt to compile trait-related terms as researchers were dissatisfied with…show more content…
This may in turn create negativity in the workplace. Openness to Experience - Openness describes a dimension of cognitive style that can distinguish imaginative, creative employees from down-to-earth, conventional employees. Employees who score high with Open are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. They tend to be, compared to closed people, more aware of their feelings (Carver & Scheier, 2000). These employees tend to think and act in individualistic and nonconforming ways and intellect is probably best regarded as one aspect of openness to experience. Agreeableness - Agreeableness reflects individual differences in concern with cooperation and social harmony. Agreeable employees value getting along with others in the workplace and are therefore considerate, friendly, generous, helpful (Carver & Scheier, 2000) and willing to compromise their interests with others. Agreeable employees also have an optimistic view of human nature and believe others are basically honest, decent, and trustworthy. Extraversion- Extraversion is marked by pronounced engagement with the external world. McCrae & Costa (1997) believe there is a good deal of variation in what makes up this factor. Extraverts enjoy being with people, are full of energy, and often experience positive emotions. Extraverted employees tend to be enthusiastic and action-oriented (Carver & Scheier, 2000), like
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