The Bill of Rights of 1689

1052 WordsJan 7, 20115 Pages
The Bill of Rights of 1689 By Christos Stamelos The Bill of Rights of 1689 The Bills of Rights of 1689 is a legal document encompassing the basic rights and liberties of the English people. It was compiled as the title states in December 1689 with the title An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown and constitutes a statutory statement that is formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a state, city, or county. It was result of mounting pressures to remind the King Charles I of the Rights laid out in the Magna Carta(1215) which he clearly challenged by dissolving the parliament and governing by decree. The concept of the “divine”…show more content…
In the eighth point claims the illegal submission to the Court of King´s Benches of causes that fell under the spectrum of the Parliament. Furthermore, in the ninth, point it stipulates that persons with no proper qualifications participated in juries not being “freeholders”. The last three points mention the illegal practices of excessive bails, fines and punishments directly restricting the liberty of individuals as well as the unlawful seizure of premises regarding taxes without proper trial which culminates the account of the wrongdoings of James II. Following, it describes the developments before this meeting referring to the resignation of the throne from James II and the assignment of it to William the Prince of Orange and the call to all regional authorities to send their representatives to be present in the proceedings. After that, the document defines the changing relationship between the crown and Parliament by declaring that “no monarch will ever again undermine the rights and liberties of “the people” and in the next paragraph, it states that William of Orange will honor the rights of the British, establishing a “safety clause” for any future claims of James II. The Bill of Rights is mainly a fortification of old principles contained in Magna Carta and ratified parliamentary supremacy. This layout of the document first stating the wrong
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