The Biology of Learning and Memory Flashcards

666 WordsFeb 23, 20183 Pages
In the first section of Chapter 13: The Biology of Learning, I learned quite a few things regarding anything from learning to amnesia. In the first part of the section, I got a look of how classical and instrumental (operant) conditioning worked. However, sometimes it’s hard to accurately label certain situations as either classical or instrumental conditioning, like when a songbird hears the song of his species after the first few months it’s born then it is able to imitate it the following year. Also in this section I learned about the two principles of the nervous system proposed by the psychologist Karl S. Lashley. His first principle about the nervous system was that if one part of the cortex was not working, another part of it could substitute it, as they all worked equally in regards to learning. The second principle of the nervous system is that the cortex worked as a whole unit and the more access you had to it, the better. Psychologist Richard Thompson showed through test including puffin air into a rabbit’s eye and associating it with a tone, small parts of the cerebellum showed some instances of classical conditioning. I learned about working memory, one of the few types of memory we have. Working memory is a concept that is similar to short term memory. You are processing information the same time you are storing it. It is useful for planning ahead, analyzing, and organizing. Going onto amnesia, I learned more about amnesia, including the types of amnesia and
Open Document