The Biopsychosocial Model Doesn 't Rely On One Factor

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The biopsychosocial model doesn’t rely on one factor as some of the other theories do. It would appear to be a more suitable means of diagnosing why someone has become addicted, as it has a multifaceted approach which incorporates social, cultural, physical and psychological factors ( Donovan & Marlatt, 2005). However one defines addiction, the addicted person has to first start using a substance, and this is where other key factors come in. “The more easily available that drugs and alcohol are in a community, the greater the risk that drug abuse will occur in that community” (Gorsuch & Butler, 1976). Drugs, both illicit and prescription are more easily obtainable these days. They are widely available via the internet and also through illegal drug traffickers. Some of these drug cartels have become so powerful in some parts of the world that governments either can’t control it, or are corrupt and making money from the trade themselves. Many people don’t realise that prescribed drugs can be dangerous, but tranquilisers, especially, are widely abused. Benzodiazepines are psychoactive drugs, just as heroin and cocaine are, and the threat of addiction is a very real one. Heroin addicts inject prescription tranquilisers into their veins and many of them have to be treated for tranquiliser withdrawal symptoms simultaneously with treatment for heroin addiction (Gossop, 2013). The genetic model explains that about half of addicts are this way because of their
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