The Biopsychosocial Model Of Addictions

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Addiction is defined as a state characterized by compulsive engagement in rewarding stimuli, despite the adverse effects. Addiction can be broken down into two areas: substance dependence and behavioural addiction. Substance dependence involves the person being addicted to substances, for example, cocaine, heroin, nicotine and alcohol. On the other hand, behavioural addiction involves the person being addicted to various activities, which include, gambling, sex, exercise or the Internet (Nordqvist, C., 2009). Addicts have no control over the aspects of their addiction without help, because of the physical, psychological and social conditions involved. It must not be forgotten that these three factors interact with each other (McMurran, M., 1994). This…show more content…
The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Illness identifies the limitations to the Biomedical Model. The Biomedical Model assumes disease to be fully accounted for by deviations in the biological aspect. It does not give any consideration to the psychological or social dimensions of health and illness (Engle, G.L., 1977). The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Illness broadens the approach of the Biomedical Model, by including the psychosocial, without sacrificing the work of the Biomedical Model. It includes the person, as well as the illness, and it provides a design for action in the real world of nursing within the health care system (Engle, G.L., 1977).
In the past, addiction referred only to the psychoactive substances that cross the blood brain barrier and result in an alteration of the chemical balance in the brain. However, behavioural addiction is now
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