The Biopsychosocial Model of Health

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Firstly, as a GP, it is crucial to explore the biopsychosocial model of health. One must realise that biological, psychological and social factors all contribute to a person’s overall health. The social dimension cannot be ignored in Anne’s case. According to the World Health Organisation, the social determinants of health are ‘the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age.’ (World Health Organisation. 2013) From the information provided, one could suggest that various social factors have contributed to Anne’s obesity. Anne grew up in a deprived area of the inner city. Growing up in a deprived area does not directly cause obesity, however, social determinants are known as causes of the causes of ill health. (WMA. 2011)…show more content…
It is important to recognise that Anne cannot control all of the factors that may be negatively impacting on her health. She is living in a local authority housing estate in a disadvantaged area of the inner city and given that ‘the highest rates of obesity occur among population groups with the highest poverty rates and the least education’ (Adam Drewnowski and SE Specter 2013) one could claim that relocating would be a possible solution. Clearly this would be an unrealistic plan. So too would the notion of buying gym membership for 3 people. So as her GP, I would encourage her to keep a food diary for a week so I could see the amount of calories the family consumed and see their eating habits, to go for a walk every evening with her children and give her brochures with easy recipes for healthy meals. Anne also needs to be made aware of complications associated with childhood obesity. Having excess weight makes both adults and children susceptible to heart disease, type 2 diabetes and many other conditions. What is significant about children is that obesity can be the cause of social exclusion, depression and the need for life long medical treatment. (Lobstein, T., Baur, L. & Uauy, R. 2004) There are many factors in this case that would have an effect, either directly or indirectly, on Anne, John and Mary’s lifespans. Palpably, obesity is the main one.
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