The Birth Of A Baby With Down Syndrome Essay

1668 WordsJul 7, 20167 Pages
Babies born to women aged in their 40s tend to have low birth weights. This is generally a result of premature birth and bad because the baby has less time to grow and develop in the womb and is therefore more vulnerable to pretty much everything. It makes it hard for the baby to fight off infection, keep warm, gain weight, feed, and it can also cause breathing problems due to low oxygen levels at birth and sudden infant death syndrome. Low birth weight can also be a result of placental insufficiency. This is when the nutrients meant to be provided to the foetus through the placenta simply fail to be given due to the placenta not growing or functioning properly. At the ages of 20 to 24 the chance of a baby with down syndrome is 1 in 1667 and the chance of chromosomal abnormalities is 1 in 526. This risk increases in the ages 30 to 34 with the chance of a baby with down syndrome being 1 in 952 and the chance of any chromosomal abnormalities being 1 in 358. When a woman reaches her 40s the chances of having a baby with down syndrome or any chromosomal abnormalities rises with every year. For example, when she is 40 the chances of having a baby with down syndrome is 1 in 106 but by the time she reaches 44 it will be 1 in 38. Also the chances of having a baby with chromosomal abnormalities at the age of 40 is 1 in 66 and just four years later is 11 in 26. Chromosome mutations or abnormalities involve the rearrangement of whole blocks of genes. They usually occur during meiosis

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