The Bite Of An Infected Aedes Species Mosquito

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The Zika virus is a flavivirus that is most commonly transmitted through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. This virus was first found in 1947 in a Ugandan rainforest and roughly ten years later the first human was infected with the virus. Since this initial outbreak, the virus has circulated through Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands. This virus was contained to these areas until it came into the western hemisphere in 2015. In 2015 cases of the Zika virus were found in Brazil and by May of that year the Brazilian Health Organization ordered a state of emergency because an estimated 1.5 million people were infected with the virus. Since May, this virus has further spread from Brazil into the Caribbean, Central and South America. Symptoms of this illness are mild but include fever, rash, conjunctivitis and joint pain. Because this is a mild virus many people do not show symptoms and do not realize that they have been infected. For the people who do show symptom’s they do not occur until one or two weeks after being bitten by the infected mosquito and symptoms only last a week. Right now there are no treatment options available for the virus, it is just suggested that infected people get plenty of rest and remain hydrated. The biggest concern about this virus is its effect on pregnant women and its relationship with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). When contracted by a pregnant woman, the Zika virus not only effects the mother but can be detrimental for
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