The Black Civil Rights Movement Essay

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The Black Civil Rights Movement The Black civil rights movement emerged as a mass movement in the 1950s but its long term origins go back much to the abolition of slavery and the failure of States to implement the 14th and 15th amendments which guaranteed ex-slave rights as defined in the constitution. Just after the end of slavery the reconstruction era began, it allowed blacks many opportunities that had never been open to them before, during this time there was a change in many areas of culture in America. Black music was popular as was some black art, but most importantly of all it seemed to offer equality before the law and …show more content…
One reason for the change in mentality happened because black Americans involved in the world wars saw that there was no segregation and less racism in countries like Britain and France, also during the cold war the American people came to realise the hideous abuse black Americans lived with and this gained the civil rights movement support from liberal whites and generated a mood for change. And by the end of World War II the Trueman administration was in power, segregation was stopped in the armed forces and the publishing of the article "to secure these rights" showed federal support for civil liberty amendments in favour of black Americans. The legal action taken by the NAACP which resulted in landmark decisions that effectively outlawed separate but equal showed they had Supreme Court support and that encouraged the civil rights groups to continue pressing for there constitutional liberties.

During the 1950s there were major events and decisions to enforce the end of separate but equal. One of these major decisions was Brown vs. The Topeka Board of Education. In this case the NAACP challenged the right of the local school boards, to run segregated schools and on the 17th May 1954, the Supreme Court decided that
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