The Black Elk, The Lakota Tribe Of The Oglala Lakota

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“I did not know then how much was ended. When I look back now from this high hill of my old age, I can still see the butchered women and children lying heaped and scattered all along the crooked gulch as plain as when I saw them with eyes young.” These are the words of Black Elk, the medicine man of the Oglala Lakota, the tribe that was attacked by Wounded Knee Creek. The massacre included the killing of civilians, including women and children, by the Seventh Cavalry Regiment. Leading up to the massacre, the Lakota’s land had continually been seized by the United States government. They had already been almost wiped out by European settlers, even though they were once large and covered the Great Plains. There was a great deal of unrest in…show more content…
This led to a blizzard of shots. Sitting bull, 8 supporting citizens, and 6 policemen were shot and killed, causing fear in many of the surrounding tribes. Chief Spotted Elk gained many new members after 200 people left Sitting Bull’s Hunkpapa band. They were afraid that more police officers would arrive and detain them. Then, Spotted Elk, his band, and a handful of Hunkpapa left the Indian Reservation on the Cheyenne River. They fled to the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, under the control of Red Cloud, to obtain shelter from the repercussions they believed they faced. On their way to Pine Ridge, the fleeing Native Americans were intercepted be the Seventh Cavalry Detachment. The cavalry was advised not to immediately disarm the Native American because it could result in violence. They instead led them to Wounded Knee Creek, five miles to the west of their meeting place, and forced the Native Americans to make camp there. The rest of the Seventh Cavalry arrived later that night and surrounded the camp, totaling 500 troops. There were only 350 Native American composed of 230 men and 120 women and children. The troops “set up four rapid-fire Hotchkiss-designed M1875 Mountain Guns,” (“Wounded Knee”, 2009) preparing for morning. The Native Americans were forced to give up their weapons and had to leave the camp while the soldiers searched through their belongings. More than 38 rifles were taken from the camp and

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