The Body And Soul Essay

882 WordsNov 24, 20144 Pages
Topic Two: The Body and Soul In St. Thomas Aquinas’ Summa Theologica Question 76 Article 1, Aquinas discusses the union of the soul with the body. Throughout this paper, I will examine what Aquinas means by the term soul and why he thinks that the soul must be thought as the form of the man. There is much debate between philosophers on how the body and soul exist amongst each other. Aquinas believes that the soul is in the body, however it is not contained by it but rather containing it. To elaborate on this, Aquinas believes that the soul is not a substance in a living human because it is not a complete thing. In other words, the soul is matter. Therefore, in a living human, the soul must exist in the body. This means that the soul is the form of the body because of its ability to actualize energy of the body. The soul is subsistent to the body, yet they have independent existences. Aquinas states that the soul is the first principle of the life. He believes the soul is the difference between animate and inanimate objects. The body cannot exist without the soul because the soul allows the body to fulfill itself. To better understand this, we should discuss how actuality and potentiality fit in. Aquinas was big fan of Aristotle and took a lot of his philosophies and work and made them his own. Aristotle used potentiality and actuality to analyze motion, causality, ethics, and physiology in his metaphysical works. So where does this come in to play for the soul? Aquinas

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