The Body Mass Index ( Bmi )

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1.0 Introduction The issue with obesity not only occurs locally but is becoming problematic globally and is continuing to worsen. Being overweight defines a person as having excess fat accumulation which has the potential to cause impairments on personal health if not addressed. According to the McKinsey Global Institute, the costs associated with the obesity epidemic worldwide total over 2 trillion dollars and continues to grow at a staggering rate (Press, 2014). This paper will examine the subject of being overweight, the effect that this has on society, the importance of the living an active lifestyle and will propose a strategic plan in order to combat the issue. 2.0 The Issue The body mass index (BMI) is a simple index comparing weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify whether an individual is overweight or obese. The World Health Organization (WHO) noted that a BMI of 25 or over is the threshold to be considered overweight, and a number that exceeds 30 would be classified as obese (2015). According to the WHO (2015), in 2014 more than 1.9 billion adults were overweight and 600 million of those were considered obese. In the US the numbers are staggering, over 70 percent of men and over 60 percent of women fall into this category with almost one third of children also either overweight or obese. Being overweight or obese increases an individual’s chance at developing chronic diseases such as heart disease, stroke, cancer, and diabetes. The growth of
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