The Bombing Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki

1593 Words Apr 26th, 2015 7 Pages
Bombing of Hiroshima On August 8th 1945 the first atomic weapon, a fission bomb, was dropped on the city of Hiroshima in an attempt to force the Japanese to surrender in World War II (Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 2009). This event exposed the danger of nuclear energy. This massive explosion demolished 90 percent of the city and immediately killed 80,000 people. This was only the beginning though, tens of thousands of innocent people died due to the aftermath of radiation exposure for another generation (Rosenberg, n.d). This day marks one of the most controversial in history. While some argue that Truman’s decision to drop the bomb was in America’s best interest, others question the ethics of dropping the most destructive weapon in the history of war on a city filled with innocent civilians (Pavlik 1995). In 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein. In this letter, Einstein outlined a new field of physics in which the element uranium could undergo nuclear fission, releasing an incredible amount of energy (Katayma, n.d). Einstein stressed the military importance of this new field of study, as Germany seemed to be on the verge of similar discoveries. He described the probability that a sustained nuclear reaction could be produced and the possibility of the construction of extremely powerful bombs (The Manhattan Project, 2014). Upon hearing this information, Roosevelt created a committee of American scientists to secretly…
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