The Bombing Of Pearl Harbor

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The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii on December 7, 1941 at 7:50 AM on a Sunday morning. There were over 3500 Navy, Army, and Marine troops killed. Four battleships were sunk and many military vessels were heavily damaged. The U.S. and Japan had not yet declared war and the U.S. military divisions were not on any type of wartime alert. Before Pearl Harbor, the country was divided and not all Americans wanted to be a part of World War II. After Pearl Harbor, the support for the war became unanimous. The attack ensured America 's entrance into the war. Pearl Harbor made Americans passionate about the war and provoked a joint effort by all, at home and overseas. Pearl Harbor, conducted by Japanese aircrafts was the bloody…show more content…
On December 6, President Roosevelt made a final appeal for peace to the Japanese Emperor. Late the same day American intelligence officers decoded thirteen parts of a fourteen part message which brought forth the possibility of a Japanese attack. Around 9:00 a.m. on December 7th, the last piece of the message was decoded, which stated a severance of Japanese ties with America. One hour later a Japanese message was decoded, instructing their embassy to deliver the same 14-part message at 1:00 p.m., Washington time. Upon receiving this message, Washington sent a commercial telegraph to Pearl Harbor because communications were down. However, this message was not received until noon Hawaiian time, three hours after the bombing had been completed. The Americans were taken completely by surprise by the attack. The attacking Japanese planes came in two waves, the first of which took off from carriers located 230 miles north of Oahu around 6:00 a.m. This wave consisted of 183 fighters, bombers and torpedo planes. The previous night, about 10 miles outside the entrance to Pearl Harbor, five midget submarines were launched, each carrying two men and two torpedoes. It was their mission to remain submerged and once the attack got underway, cause as much damage as possible. Meanwhile in Pearl Harbor, the 130 vessels of the Pacific Fleet sat calmly. At 7:02 a.m., two army operators at Oahu 's
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