The Book, Germs, Guns, And Steel: The Fates Of Human Societies,

1355 WordsApr 25, 20176 Pages
The book, Germs, Guns, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies, by Jared Diamond, shows how different cultures followed different courses of history. The book also looks at how Europe became the superpower it is and how it evolved faster than other cultures at the time. This is because some environments provide more favorable conditions for new societies than other environments. Diamond says there are four main reasons the Europeans rose to power and were able to expand across the globe. The first reason is because the continent of Europe has different animals and plants ready for domestication meaning more food which lead to a larger population. The second reason is there were more technology and innovation from all the domestication of…show more content…
How they domesticated wild animals and plants for milk, food, clothing, and more, and the benefits of domestication over the hunter-gathering culture. More food meant more calories for humans meaning more work. More work meant higher crop yields which meant more population density which meant more people could work, and the cycle continued over and over again. The reason food production was so successful in Europe was because the continent lies east to west creating a similar climate for food to grow. Europe also has more open fields compared to Africa, the Americas, and Australia, where there were deserts, jungles, and drastically different climates. The conversion from the hunter-gatherer society to the domestication of wild animals and farming society was gradually and took many years and there are still hunter-gatherer societies today. In Chapter 11, Diamond talks about how infections from diseases carried by animals where the “killers of humanity”. Diseases would start in animals and then get transferred to humans where it would mutate and spread across human populations killing almost anyone it touches. When Europe went to conquer the New World, disease such as smallpox, measles, and the flu, killed up to 95% of the population of Native Americans. Syphilis, however, may have been brought back to Europe from the New World, even though no one knows how. The first use of modern writing came from the Egyptian
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