The Bop Of Brazil

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The BOP of Brazil (exhibit 5) shows that since 2000 the country was constantly a net exporter until 2014. The profile of its exports consists mainly of raw materials such as crude oil, iron, raw sugar, soybeans, etc. The collapse of commodities prices (exhibit 9) in the middle of 2014 reduced the ability of Brazil’s economy to end 2014 with a positive current account. The fall of oil prices also strongly contributed to that and Brazilian economy finished 2014 with a deficit in the Balance of goods of nearly $ 4 billion. Brazil’s GDP as expected finished 2014 with just 0.1% growth, announcing that tough times would follow.
Because Brazil imports many products (for example Refined and crude petroleum, cars and wheat flour), internal price of gasoline and bread for instance went up, affecting directly the consumer price index and so increasing the inflationary pressure which aggravated even more the scenario of pre-crisis.
Another factor that contributed to the growth of inflation was the drought in many parts of Brazil . That condition increased the costs of production of in natura products which also led to an increase in food price in general. Because of the drought, producers are reducing the area of plantation in 30% to 50% and that reduces also the availability of those products in the market, driving up the prices even more.

The price of electrical energy is also contributing for the increase of inflation. Brazil’s electrical energy is mainly produced by
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