The Broken Windows Model Of Policing

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The Broken Windows theory predicts that police can most effectively fight crime by focusing their efforts on targeting disorder, minor crimes and nuisance behaviors. The theory has had a positive impact, but has also raised some challenges. The police can play a key role in disrupting this process. If they focus in on disorder and less serious crime in neighborhoods that have not yet been overtaken by serious crime, they can help reduce fear and resident withdrawal.

The broken windows model of policing was first described in 1982 by James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling. Briefly. In 1993, New York City Mayor Rudolph Giuliani adopted the Broken Windows Theory and implemented a community-policing strategy focused on order
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Wilson and Kelling took a different view. They saw serious crime as the result of a lengthier chain of events, theorizing that crime emanated from disorder and that if disorder were eliminated, then serious crimes would not occur. From this it may be argued that the real problem comes, not from the delinquent behavior of the individuals, rather crimes are often prompted by the lack of control or disorder within a community. The broken windows theory is another helpful technique in the long line of law enforcement remedies to deal with the crime problem today. The theory argues that the role of the police is fundamental to maintain public order and its policing strategy is to address community concern about public safety. (Braga, A. & Bond, B. 2008). There is a strong support for the belief that when citizens feel that their neighborhood is no longer safe, the feeling of insecurity forces them to move away. What it is important to mention is that this option will most likely be available to the middle class or those who can afford to move, but not to the poor, who have fewer choices. If the middle class moves out and the poor stay, the neighborhood will inevitably become economically disadvantaged. If by any of the already mentioned reasons an individual has to move out to a more hospitable environment, he will lack his trust and confidence in police 's ability to provide its first obligation, which is safety to the public. To deter this, police must
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