Little is known about the legendary Greek poet Homer, who is attributed to writing the Iliad and the Odyssey. These heroic tales still influence lives today. His world, Ancient Greece, provides the foundation of western civilization.
Homer’s The Odyssey, is an epic poem of mythology which includes twenty-four books. The ancient writings focused its topics of discussions on the Trojan War, a hero named Odysseus, and the challenges he faced
Many have deemed Homer and Hesiod the “founding fathers” of Greek epic poetry and philosophical writings. Both writers’ careers flourished around 8th century B.C, and were immense influences in the world of Greek philosophy. Hesiod focuses on more traditional origins of life for his stories and ensures that the creation of the world and its rulers are embodied in his works. Homer has been considered one of the most influential philosophical writers for centuries by recognized philosophers. He wrote about principles in battle, governance, counsel, sports, the home and life in general that the Greeks looked to in praise. While both of the authors were similar in writing style, they differ vastly in the messages of their poems.
Homer’s epic poem, “The Odyssey” reveals many aspects of ancient Greek life and culture through character and plot. Through each of the tales circling the life of Odysseus and the Greek people, Homer depicts the history, legends, values, and merits of the ancient Greeks. Greek culture is known to be one of the most flavored and thorough in history, and each facet of it—from religion to ideology to mentalities and beliefs.
Homer is remembered as one of the greatest individuals to have ever lived and the present day society contains a great deal of concepts that he discussed. His poems have served as inspiration for many individuals who succeeded him and continue to trigger intense feelings in people who come across them. Although the time period that he lived in made it difficult for historians to get actively involved in discussing his life, there are numerous accounts regarding the man's existence. It is actually impossible for one to relate to the poet's life without addressing several stories concerning his background and the attitudes that he adopted.
While reading this poem, the reader can identify many archetypes. There are the heroes, the villains, the wise teachers and many more. Numerous themes and ideas are portrayed throughout this poem, it is the basis of which all other books model themselves after. “The Odyssey” was written by Homer in 720 BC, known as the Bronze Age. It is an Epic that tells the story of a father, Odysseus, who goes through many trials and adventures In order to be reunited with his Wife Penelope, and Son Telemachus.
Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey, is a story of a famous Greek hero destined to win the battle against the Trojans. He schedules to journey back home after the Trojan War, but the gods were dissatisfied that they had won. The gods lengthen the time of his travels at sea as a result of their displeasure. His overall journey took several years to complete due to his complications returning home. He faced esoteric creatures and dealt with the gods outrage. For the sake of the reader’s entertainment, Homer includes several literary devices throughout The Odyssey. Although he uses several examples of literary devices, dramatic irony, Homeric Similes, and imagery are most frequently used. Dramatic irony is only one of the examples
“Of all the creatures that breathe and creep about on Mother Earth there is none so helpless as man” (Homer 242). As Homer wrote these words the understanding of the greeks was made much more clear. Odyssey was written between 750 and 700 BC, which indeed was during the Trojan war. This epic was written and orally passed down for the people, to enjoy and to teach them the different lessons and values. The epic being written and passed down for this reason shows how important the Greek’s values were to them and how they wanted these values to carry on. In Odyssey, the Greek’s beliefs, values, prejudices, and superstitions are understood through Odysseus’ trials, pitfalls of temptation and his storytelling. Homer symbolizes many of the Greek’s beliefs threw the
The Bronze Age started around 2300 BC in Europe and it consisted of the new found material of bronze. It was an important development in many cities during the time. Bronze was used for a multitude of items including weapons, chariot parts, tools, decorative objects, and ritual vessels. The bronze age eventually came to an end because of four major catastrophes that came around 1200 BC that help shape the first millennium. Climate change, migration, new technology, and administrative innovations was the origin of this change.
The greek people are so unaware of what is about to happen and it truly heartbreaking that this is is the twilight of the hole greek civilization. Nevertheless this period is so fascinating and interesting this is the Hellenistic Age. The Hellenistic age begun after the death of Alexander the grate. Like I said earlier he left no new successor so this caused in fighting and the empire was divided up against the wars generals they .There were three empires would form there would dynasts from Alexander's empire; there was Antigonids in Macedonia and Greece, the Seleucids in Perissa and the ptolemies in Egypt. The people did not go back to their way of life because they were ruled by greeks and macedonians, so the local
This essay deals with the nature of a cross cultural encounter between the Benin people and Portuguese traders in the 15th and 16th centuries, which resulted in the depiction of Portuguese figures in Benin brass plaques. It will propose that this contact between people with different cultures was on the basis of 'mutual regard' (Woods, K. 2008, p. 16), and although the Portuguese had qualms about idolatry in Benin it will show that assumptions by Europeans up to the 20th century of the primitive nature of tribal African societies was inaccurate with regard to the Benin people, who had a society based on the succession of the King or 'Oba', a Royal Family and Nobility. The essay will finally suggest that Benin’s increase in wealth following
Thucydides and Homer, though they lived a relatively short 300 years apart, wrote about very different Greek cultures. While the Greeks who Homer wrote about in The Iliad were, in many respects, dissimilar to the Greeks in Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, this stands in marked contrast to the profound similarities that exist between contemporary cultures and those that Thucydides wrote of. There are, however, similarities between modern cultures and those in Homer’s writing, as well as differences between modern ones and those in Thucydides’ writing. Thucydides’ history is, therefore, a relational bridge between the cultures of ancient Greece and modern ones.
While discovering the Hellenistic Age, I learned about the history in Hellenistic civilization. Hellenism is the term typically to describe the spread of culture from the Greek civilization that developed after the reign of Alexander the Great. How does the Hellenistic Age differ from the Classical Age? The Classical Age, referred to as Hellenic Greek, was founded in 507 B.C.E. and concluded in 323 B.C.E. The Hellenistic Age was founded in 323 B.C.E. and concluded in 31 B.C.E. after the reign of Alexander the Great. The Classical Age was ruled by the Greek civilization in Greek city states and their territories. The Hellenistic Age established a great deal in the culture and Greek language around the places in Mediterranean, Middle East, Central and South Asia. There are three categories in the Hellenistic Age: cultural, religious, and political/military. The three categories will present the history to recognize how the people survived from the time of Hellenistic Age and Classical Age.
The Iliad is a story of rages of Achilles and the War of Troy. Thanks to the techniques of the author, Homer, The Iliad is very colorful, romantic, and it makes the readers imagine the ancient Greeks and their times of war. Homer is believed to be the author of epics other than the Iliad, although their authorship remains uncertain. Historian believes that Homer probably lived in the eighth century, B.C.1 (Discovering World History). However, there are very few things that we know about him. Some historians think Homer's birthplace may have been on an island on the eastern edge of the Aegean Sea, or perhaps in a city on the nearby coast, but they don't have evidence to
The ancient Greeks and Romans contributed to western civilization in many different forms of literature and architecture. Both of these cultures produced a variety of literary works which are still studied today. One of the biggest contributions to literature was from the author known as Homer. Homer was known for two of ancient Greece’s most epic poems, The lliad and The Odyssey. Both of these poems have had a profound impact on western literature and continue to influence teachers and authors today. “The lliad and The Odyssey have provided not only seeds but fertilizer for almost all the other arts and sciences in