The Burning Of Biomass And The Resulting Emissions

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national borders. The burning of biomass and the resulting emissions are contributing to global climate change. In particular, the incomplete and inefficient combustion by traditional cook stoves releases greenhouse gases including carbon monoxide, nitrous oxide, and methane into the atmosphere (Kees and Lisa, 2011). Meanwhile, other organic compounds and particulate matter from biomass combustion contribute to local and regional air pollution.
Developing nations have sought to escape environmental ruin through the expanded use of energy efficient and renewable technologies. Ethiopia’s renewable energy potential is considerable, with abundant biomass efficiency, biogas, solar, hydropower, wind, and geothermal possibilities available (Forum
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2.1.6. Importance of wind farm
Furthermore, in the world that has become increasingly concerned about climate change caused by the increase of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from burning fossil fuels, a particular emphasis has been placed on renewable sources.
A Fuzzy Approach For Modeling Potential Wind Farm Areas: A Case Of Hitosa Woreda, Oromia Region,
Ebisa Tesfaye Remote Sensing and Geo-informatics stream, AAU Page 10
During the global move towards cleaner and greener electricity and to reduce the cost of electricity, developers are looking more favorably at renewable energy projects, especially wind energy. Modern electricity generating grid connected wind turbines constitute a promising technology, to supplement hydropower, especially because the correlation of wind resource and hydrology availability is very good (EREDPC, 2007).
2.2. Wind energy resource potential in Ethiopia
The total wind resource of Ethiopia is estimated to be 20.064 TJ/year; however, a significant amount of it had not been used yet throughout the country (Ramayya et al., 2007). As the study of Woldeghiorgis Weldesenbet (1988) there are few promising windy areas in Ethiopian located alongside the main East African Rift Valley, the Northern Eastern escarpment of the country near
Tigray regional state, the Southern part of Ethiopia near the Kenyan boarder, the central and eastern part of Ethiopian specially south east of the Somalia region. Areas
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