The Burning Of Petroleum Based Fuels

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Can you see the light? As the burning of petroleum-based fuels, natural gases, and coal continues, smog will continue to cover the sky. Pollution from said burning occurs as greenhouse gases and chemicals. Specifically, petroleum-based fuels, natural gases, and coal release energy when heat breaks the bonds between hydrogens and carbons, generating energy and releasing carbon dioxide and water as byproducts. This energy often originates from stored energy preserved in organisms that eventually died and lingered in the crust. The byproduct carbon dioxide is the most dominant of the greenhouse gases, which are gases that absorb and release thermal energy from the Sun. These gases trap thermal energy in the atmosphere while releasing a small amount into space. Global warming occurs due to the trapping of this heat. Their covering of the sky and Sun reduces the amount of sunlight that can reach the Earth. In addition, these energy sources are also bulky and inefficient. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (2014), producing even one kilowatt-hour of energy (one kilowatt of electricity expended in one hour), 0.08 gallons of petroleum-based fuel, 1000 cubic feet of natural gases, and 1.09 pounds of coal (“How much coal, natural gas, or petroleum is used to generate a kilowatt-hour 1 of electricity?”). Despite the availability of alternative energy sources, most people prefer these “dirty” energy sources.
Solar power shows promise as a potential alternative.
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