The Cardiovascular Surgeon Steps Of Cardiothoracic Surgeon

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The heart beats about 1000,000 times every day sending 2,000 gallons of blood thought your body. The hearts job is keeping blood flowing through 60,000 miles of blood vessels that feed organs and tissues. The cardiac muscle is the tissues that make up your heart. The heart sends blood around your body. When there is a problem with your heart and it can’t pump blood it is critical for it to be fixed. This is when the cardiovascular surgeon steps in. Cardiothoracic surgeon, also known as heart surgeon or cardiac surgeon or cardiovascular surgeon, is a healthcare professional who specializes in the diagnosis, surgical treatment and medical management of the patients with heart and lung diseases. Cardiothoracic surgeons are responsible for…show more content…
John Lewis that attended University of Minnesota on September 2, 1952. The following year, Soviet surgeon Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Vishnevskiy conducted the first cardiac surgery under local anesthesia. This surgery is during which the heart is exposed and the blood made to bypass it. The earliest operations on the pericardium (the sac that surrounds the heart) took place in the 19th century and was performed by Francisco Romero (1801). The first surgery on the heart itself was performed by Norwegian surgeon Axel Cappelen on the 4th of September 1895 at. He ligated a bleeding coronary artery in a 24-year-old man who had been stabbed in the left axillae and was in deep shock upon arrival. Access was through a left thoracotomy. The patient awoke and seemed fine for 24 hours, but became ill with increasing temperature and he ultimately died. The first successful surgery of the heart, performed without any complications, was by Ludwig Rehn of Frankfurt, Germany, who repaired a stab wound to the right ventricle on September 7, 1896. Cardiac surgery training in the United States is combined with and called cardiothoracic surgery. A cardiothoracic surgeon in the U.S. is a physician D.O or M.D who first completes a general surgery residency (typically 5–7 years), followed by a cardiothoracic surgery fellowship (typically 2–3 years). The cardiothoracic surgery fellowship typically two or three years, but certification is based on the number of surgeries performed as
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