The Case Of Female Bangladeshi Garment Workers

Decent Essays
Why Bangladesh
Bangladesh has been fortunate to share in the unintended consequences from an explosion in international trade and multi-national agreements on trade, most notably the Multi- Fibre Agreement (MFA) signed in 1973.
Though on the face of it appears the country has benefitted from the external forces of globalisation and internally from an abundance of labour, in this essay I will argue that there is more to the story than meets the eye.
There are many questions as yet unanswered about the quality of life enjoyed by the workers in their flagship Ready Made Garments (RMG) industry, who are predominantly unskilled and female.
This essay will look at various theories of development and provide evidence to show that in the case of female Bangladeshi garment workers, the traditional demarcation between the neo-liberal order and dependency theory is insufficient to tackle sustainable female economic and social empowerment.
I believe it is important to focus on these issues now because Bangladesh’s role as a sourcing ”hotspot” for foreign firms is here to stay for good, according to a report by McKinsey. And it is only through the successful collaboration of international institutions and local government that sustainable empowerment can be achieved for Bangladeshi women.
Bangladesh: a special case in the context of International Trade
Globalisation is not a necessary condition for poverty reduction, but Bangladesh is a special case because it has been
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