The Causes And Complications Of The Black Death In Europe

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During the middle of the 14th century, a plague hit Europe, Asia, the Middle East, and parts of North Africa in a fashion that obliterated upwards of half of the population of these areas. According to Katherine Park, this plague was known as the “Great Mortality” and the “Great Pestilence” by people of the time but came to be known as the “Black Death” by modern historians (Park 612). It was not just one disease that spread widely, but multiple. There was one sort, however, that was more prominent than others: the bubonic plague. This disease caused lesions to form under armpits and around genital areas and usually resulted in death after a few days of symptoms. Another rarer, yet still deadly, sort that spread was that of a pneumonic plague that affected the respiratory system. Many of the people of the time believed this disastrous event to be the wrath of God (Boccaccio) while others believed it was simply a natural phenomenon. Medieval Europeans integrated both Christian theology and natural philosophy into their understanding of the Black Death by using their knowledge of the natural world from Ancients and applying it to the impact that they knew God had on their lives and the world around them. By the 13th century, a translation movement had occurred causing the works of Galen, Hippocrates, Aristotle, and the sort to be translated from Arabic back into Latin. These works quickly became well known and taught in the European society and many people began to consider
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