The Black Death was one of the most devastating worldwide diseases in human history. The plague originated in central Asia and was brought to China by traders and Mongols from 1334-1347. Mongol protection of the trade may have caused the disease to spread along the “Silk Road” to Crimea. During a Mongol siege against Caffa in 1347, the Mongolian army began to die. The Mongols catapulted the dead bodies into the city where the fleas on the corpses were released into Caffa. In the year 1347, October, Genoese traders escaped from the city and sailed to Messina, an Italian port, unaware that they were infected by the disease. Eventually, everyone on the ship died and a “ghost ship” made it to port. Seeing no activity on board, the ship was
The Black Death occurred in many different geographical areas, had serious political effects, and was caused by scientific findings. The Black Death was the greatest catastrophe ever in world history, known as the Bubonic Plague, resulting in the death of an estimated one-hundred-million people. This Plague occurred within Central Asia
Imagine one half of the world 's population by wiped out in a space of less than a ten years. You probably cannot imagine such an event occurring; it seems unreal. Yet, this very thing happened in the between the years 1347 and 1351 in Europe. This massive destruction of
“The Black Death: The Great Mortality of 1348-1350” presents an entirely different kind of trial than the one provided by Einhard and Notker. Where Charlemagne’s struggle was often glorious combat with his fellow man, the battle against the plague had none of the nobility and prestige of conquest, and
The Effects of Black Death Black death was a bubonic plague, which took the lives of millions of people in the mid 1300s. This plague was caused by a bacterium called Yersinia pestis, which lived in fleas. Therefore, transmitting the bacteria to its rodent hosts every time they would feed. The
As was we all know that The Black Death is one of the tragic events in world history and it has effected many civilizations in early 1300s. This has made many devastating trends within Europe’s borders and raged with many diseases, and other infections. Not only this pandemic event has effected many people, but it has transform Europe’ political, religious, and cultural practices. The Black Death became an outbreak and painful change to western civilization in which it marked history
One of the well known massive disasters that happened in the history of European is the “Black Death.” This fatal plague led to huge loss of between 17 million and 28 million lives in whole Europe. It took place from 1345 to 1353 and the death arrived by sea during the time when twelve Genoese trading ships had actually docked at the Sicilian port after travelling through the Black Sea. A horrifying surprise befell the individuals who were gathering on the docks when they realized that a great number of sailors had died, and the lucky sailors were extremely ill. In addition, they were covered by mysterious black boils which oozed pus and blood (Cohn, pg 514). This is why they named this kind of illness as the “Black Death.” Then what followed were other various symptoms such as vomiting, fever, diarrhea, chills, severe aches and extraordinary pains- and then death.
1. The Black death was able to drastically change many countries and regions. The black death was able to topple political regimes and religious regimes that had been in power for many years. The populations of countries shrunk due to the Black Death. The epidemic left a third of Europe’s population dead. In China the population went from 120 million to 80 million over the course of a century because of the death. Farmers were affected which led to famine because of the inability to produce food. Without food it led to rising prices, work stoppages and unrest. Because of the issues that the Black Death was causing countries needed to be able to make drastic changes in order to revive their nations. In China, the families that were ruling started to claim that their power was coming from the divine calling. Many other countries tried similar things to attempt to regain confidence in their country. In Europe, the struggles that the death was causing gave rise to new models and new forms of governance that attempted to turn around the country. Some of the changes that were caused because of the death were able to help the countries. The Black Death was able to bring radical political change to many countries while forcing governments to asses all of their policies and make sure that they are the right ones for their country. Therefore, the Black Death could be seen as having a mixed legacy as it did kill an unbelievable amount of people but it also forced countries to reexamine
Causes of the Black Death The causes of the Black Death – the flea, the rat, and the bacillus Yersinia pestis– have been labeled the “unholy trinity” (Boeckl). The flea is able to live in environmental conditions of about 74° Fahrenheit and 60% humidity (Ibid). Before the Black Death reached Europe, they were experiencing those same types of weather conditions. The rat flea, Xenopsylla cheopis and the human flea, Pulex irritans, are both capable of transmitting plague (Boeckl). Sometimes, an infected flea cannot ingest blood because Yersinia pestis obstructs its digestive tract. The blockage causes a flea to regurgitate into a bitten host rather than ingest the host’s blood, thereby infecting the host with plague (Boeckl). Unable to eat, the famished flea will bite with more frequency, accelerating the spread of plague. A flea can be carrying Yersinia pestis without it blocking the flea’s digestive tract, in which case the flea does not transmit plague when it bites a host. Also, Yersinia pestis can only enter a victim through a bite, as the bacilli cannot pass through intact skin (Gottfried).
The Black Death, also known as The Black Plague, is one of the most tragic and deadly pandemics to have occurred throughout all human history. It was introduced to Europe in 1347, when a series of trade ships docked at a Sicilian port after voyaging across the Black Sea from
Jalen Josey Mrs. Feagley Honors English 9 7 April 2015 The Black Death The Black Death changed Europe (and the entire world) in ways we can still observe today from a historical, societal, cultural, and medical standpoint. The Black Death was a very deadly outbreak of plague. Plague is a very deadly bacterial disease. It
During the mid-thirteenth century to the fourteenth century, an outbreak of a disease called the Bubonic Plague, or Black Death, occurred. It was a very deadly disease that killed approximately one-third of the population of both Europe and the Middle East based on the Student Guide Sheet. It was spread by black rats to fleas then to humans. The infected fleas from the rats would land on the humans, causing them to get the disease. It was spread across the world from China to Europe based on Document One. When the disease struck, it questioned followers of both Christianity and Islam. How would their followers deal with this deadly disease? Each religion looked at the disease differently. This paper will inform you of how differently the Christians
The plague was spread by fleas, which were not effected by the disease. Fleas first infected the rats, which lived off garbage and sewage. The rats then spread the infection to the humans. Rats were a common sight in the cities, due to the poor sanitary conditions, so no one
Around October in the year of 1347 a horrible disease washed up along the shores of Europe. It was brought in by trade ships. This disease was called the Black Death. “The Black Death earned its well-known nickname through its very visual symptoms. Once infected, a patient would notice the following symptoms: Painful swellings (known as buboes) in the lymph nodes (found in the neck, armpits, groin and legs).The bubo would become inflamed and would at first be a deep red in color, but as time passed the bubo would change from red to purple and finally to black. Patients would also suffer with a particularly high fever which would trigger a state of delirium and mental disorientation. Patients would also suffer from vomiting, muscular pain and bleeding in the lungs” (Newman). The Black Death spread rapidly though out Europe and it killed over almost 1/3 of the population. There was no cure known at the time for the disease. “Doctors tried Rose, lavender, sage and bay were used to treat the headaches experienced during the illness. Wormwood, mint and balm were used to treat nausea and sickness. Comfrey and liquor ice were used to treat problems related to the lung. Vinegar was used as a cleansing agent, and it was believed that it would kill the bacteria. One of the most common treatments was bloodletting – the process of letting blood pour from the body. Another was the lancing of the buboes followed by the application of a mixture of warm butter, garlic and onion” (Newman).
Everything gets worse before it gets better. A bruise turns into a gaudy green pigment before it fully heals; a rainstorm sends hail falling from the sky, impaling anything it sees, right before a beautiful rainbow appears; the red fleshed pimple on one’s face continues to grow bigger and bigger until it spontaneously disappears. A catastrophe can lead to success and hope, much like the Black Death leads to the Renaissance. The Black Death was one of the most devastating pandemics that resulted in one-third of europe’s population to die. Despite all the death and evil the Black Death brought, it has a good outcome - The Renaissance. The Black Death was the catalyst of the European Renaissance because of the effects it had on the European economy, artistic expression, and technological advances.