The Causes Of Autism Spectrum Disorder ( ASD )

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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was introduced in 2013 by the American Psychiatric Association as a disorder comprising four previous mental health disorders: autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive-developmental disorder, and Asperger syndrome (Autism Speaks, 2017). As a whole, ASD presents with specific symptoms such as social and communication challenges, restrictive or repetitive behavior, and unique strengths and differences. The diagnosis of ASD is graded on a spectrum of different levels from low functioning to high functioning. On the high functioning end of the spectrum, a child may display some deflections from social gatherings and sensory sensitivity but excel with motor and cognitive skills. However, on…show more content…
Andrew Wakefield, had intentionally used false information to obtain the predetermined results. However, the negative impacts of this article are still alive today inside the medical community. Since the article, great debate has overtaken the topic of vaccination throughout the country; even Hollywood has taken to the medical platform in opposition of vaccinations. Celebrities such as Jenny McCarthy, Rob Schneider, and Kristie Alley have all been outspoken contributors of the anti-vaccine movement. In 2016, actor and recently disclosed father of a child with ASD, Robert DeNiro, said in an interview on the Today Show, that there is “more to this than meets the eye,” while speaking of the medical profession’s reluctance to publish any link between ASD and the MMR vaccine; blaming the withholding on the greed of big pharmaceutical companies (Today, 2016). Since 1998, no less than 10 major medical studies have found no significant association between ASD and the MMR vaccination. Further, no tests thus far have been unable to offer any hint of a cause for the rising number of children affected by this mental disorder. So if the cause doesn’t fall within the realm of medicine, where could it fall? One obvious difference between the years 2002 and 2012 is the medical understanding of ASD and the change in diagnosing criteria. In the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual
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