The Causes Of Autism Spectrum Disorder

1006 Words5 Pages
Autism is simultaneously the most familiar and least understood disorder. Autism spectrum disorder is defined as a developmental disorder that involves problems with social communication, social interaction, and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. Like all disorders, there are biological, social, and therapeutic implications. Firstly, like many disorders there are several biological factors. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder, therefore Autism affects the development of the brain in utero. Furthermore, according to Simon Baron Cohen, professor at Cambridge University, “Autism is a lifelong condition and that it’s the way the child is born. Probably because of prenatal factors, you don’t expect the person to kind of grow out of their autism” (Cohen). Moreover, Cohen reinforces the notion that the causes of Autism spectrum disorder are primarily biological. The professor then goes on to explain the possible prenatal causes of the disorder. There are some genes that contribute to Autism. Although, many of the genes are on the X-Chromosome, the autism genes may vary depending of the number of X-Chromosomes. Thus, males have a much higher frequency of Autism than females do. However, the genes are not what Cohen hypothesizes to be the cause. “We’ve been looking the role of that hormone [testosterone] in shaping brain development in typical children and whether higher levels of prenatal testosterone are linked to more autistic traits” (Cohen).
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