The Causes Of The Cold War?

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In The Cold War: A New History, author John Lewis Gaddis, a professor at Yale University writes about one of the most significant time periods in U.S. history. The world was in shambles following World War II, the old great powers had fallen, but two countries emerged from the rubble. The United States and the Soviet Union stood alone, the new powerhouses began to prosper, as the economy’s of the separate nations floundered. The two nations had separate ideologies, the United States practiced a democracy, but the Soviet Union was a communist state. When the countries of the world were rebuilding and recovering from the war, these two new powerful nations tried to sweep in and influence as many countries as possible. The Soviet Union had their hearts set on spreading communism across the globe, but the United States had contrary beliefs. The Soviet Union created the Eastern Bloc, which included Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. The Soviet Union controlled these satellite states, but were determined to control more including Vietnam, Korea and Cuba. The Soviet Union’s agenda led to the Korean War and Vietnam War along with the Cuban Missile Crisis. Tensions rose between the two countries, resulting in the Space Race, an arms race and espionage. Throughout the majority of forty-four years, the U.S. and the Soviet Union were on the brink of an economic collapse and a nuclear war.
In the entirety of the Cold War, the U.S. was led by nine different presidents, all of which contributed immensely in preventing communism from becoming the dominant system of government. In the succession of presidents, each one was impactful in contributing to various events of the Cold War. Harry S. Truman was in office during reconstruction and Soviet expansion into Eastern Europe. Dwight D. Eisenhower presided as the U.S. and the Soviet Union continued to expand and become more influential in world politics. John F. Kennedy prevented nuclear war during the Cuban Missile Crisis and took major strides in space exploration. Lyndon B. Johnson greatly expanded the U.S.’s involvement in the Vietnam War. Richard Nixon improved relations with communist China by opening trade. Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter maintained

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