The Causes Of The Protestant Reformation

1998 Words8 Pages
The Protestant Reformation truly changed the world, but it didn’t just happen in one short revolution. There were many factors and events that contributed to the Protestant Reformation. Among these events, there were two “Great Schisms” that lent themselves to the reformation. The first occurred in 1054, and dealt with the splitting of the eastern orthodox catholic church, and the roman catholic church. This precursor event lead to the second, and more relevant Great Schism of 1378, where multiple men declared themselves Pope, and the catholic church lost even more of its power.
In 1054 Pope Leo IX, representing the Holy Roman Catholic Church and its allies, formed an army with Argyros, from Constantinople, to combat the Norman invasion of Italy, which had begun years earlier and lasted much of the 11th century. This venture to defend southern Italy failed, and led to the pope being captured. Being a symbol of the holy roman catholic church, the pope was not executed, but placed under house arrest, as the common practice of the day was not to execute kings, and popes, since the divine right of kings principle was flourishing and widely believed. “The Normans took the pope prisoner, placing him under comfortable house arrest in Benevento until their leaders could decide what to do with their distinguished captive.” (Frazee, 1054 Revisited)
Because the Pope was under house arrest, and Argyros was struggling with his army and its defeat, the problems dividing the catholic
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