The Causes Of The Vietnam War

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The Vietnam War began in 1955 and ended in 1975, making it the second-longest and, arguably, the most controversial war the United States has engaged in to date. The war was a result of ongoing tension between France and Vietnam. Their history dates back to the late 1800s, when the French invaded the country and established French Indochina. Once the Vietnamese, more specifically the Viet Minh, drove out the French in the First Indochina War, the nation was split into North and South Vietnam. In hopes of preventing the spread of communism from the North, America joined the conflict as an ally to the South. In the end, there would be 60,000 American and 2 million Vietnamese casualties. By 1975, a diplomatic solution was agreed upon, US troops were sent back home, and Vietnam became united as one nation again (McNeil and Mintz). 2. Rather than being referred to as a war, Vietnam is often called a conflict due to the specific set of terms surrounding the situation. A war, in most cases, is described as a case in which at least two nations or states are involved in “an open and armed hostility exemplified by active military operations, severe aggression and usually high mortality” (Rohn, “Was Vietnam a War or Conflict?”). Under these conditions, Vietnam should be labelled as a war; despite that, there was no declaration of war officially made by the US Congress, which technically classifies it as a conflict. 3. The American public’s general feeling about the Vietnam

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