The Causes and Effects of the Homestead Strike

1686 Words Mar 2nd, 2004 7 Pages
The Homestead Strike was a very violent, but important event to the people of the American Business Industry. The violent act of a desperate businessman, in attempt to retain peace, killed many men. The infamous story of the Pinkertons changed the ways of American business agreements. The Homestead Strike changed the traditional American business environment by creating new laws and the awareness of the need for peace in business world.

The Carnegie Steel Company was a successful factory, which employed many hundred of workers. Andrew Carnegie, who was the owner of the company, wanted a large successful business, which he had achieved already, but he was always looking for ways to save and make more money. By 1892, unions had been formed
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During the last week of June, Frick laid off many workers, which angered the union and other workers even more. Henry's intent of the Pinkertons was to take over the mill (Gardner p. 66). The Pinkertons brought over 200 crates full of Winchester Rifles. On June 29, despite the union's willingness to negotiate, Frick closed the mill and locked out 3,800 men. "Two days later, workers seized the mill and sealed off the town from strikebreakers. Frick called in a private police force, the Pinkerton Detective Agency, to protect the non-union workers he planned to hire"(American Heritage p. 14). The workers had become so angered that it was an endangerment to the non-union workers that Frick had hired, and they needed a way of protection.

The workers fired warning shots and they shouted for the Pinkertons to go back, or they'll not answer for their lives. When the first Pinkerton walked into Homestead, a worker shot him in the thigh (American Heritage p. 17). " When the Pinkertons marched from the barges to the rink, they were shamefully abused"(Illustrated American p. 2). A Homestead Mob burned the barges all the way down to the water line. Hugh O' Donnell made no attempt to stop the violence after many Pinkertons and eight workers were dead. The town begged for news of the workers and their conditions. Hugh O' Donnell insisted to let the Pinkertons surrender safely if they left Homestead. The Pinkertons surrendered and
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